Red Turtle Photobook Publications
Hard Bound with Box, with several tactile elements
1st Edition, 2021
Design : Barnali Bose
Flip Book : Suchana Saha
Text : Kushanava Choudhury
Soumya Sankar Bose began photographing artistes who are now unemployed but were once gigantic figures of the Jatra, a folk theatre form in India. This work is based mainly on the Jatra artists, characters played by them and the psychology that drives them to be a part of this folk cult form.
Dating back to 16th century, the Jatra is a famous folk theatre form of united Bengal(Bangladesh and West Bengal), employing dialogue, monologue, songs and instrumental music to tell stories . Jatra pala ,as the plays are called ,are enacted on wooden stages without any barriers between the actors and the audience, facilitating direct communication. The plots vary from India mythology and historical incident to something more contemporary and based on social issues. The partition of India had a major impact on Jatra as artistes in the newly formed East-Pakistan (later Bangladesh), a Muslim majority country, discontinued to enact Hindu religious folktales such as Krishna lila ,Devi thakurani,kongso bodh,kaliadaman etc. On the other side of the border, artistes in west bengal stopped playing Muslim characters such as Siraj-ud-dullah,Shah jahan, Akbar etc.
The advent of cinema and TV in the 60s and 70s blew a deadly blow to the theatre art form. In 2013, over 600 Jatra companies employ over 2,00,000 people but their situation has come to forcing them to often offer free performances.